Babylon also appears in the administrative records of the Third Dynasty of Ur, which collected in-kind tax payments and appointed an ensi as local governor.
The so-called Weidner Chronicle (also known as ABC 19) states that Sargon of Akkad (c.
Babylon was described, perhaps even visited, by a number of classical historians including Ctesias, Herodotus, Quintus Curtius Rufus, Strabo, and Cleitarchus.
These reports are of variable accuracy and some of the content was politically motivated, but these still provide useful information.
Only the Koldewey expedition recovered artifacts from the Old Babylonian period.
These included 967 clay tablets, stored in private houses, with Sumerian literature and lexical documents.
Information on the Neo-Babylonian city is available from archaeological excavations and from classical sources.Babil Governorate, Iraq, about 85 kilometers (53 mi) south of Baghdad, comprising a large tell of broken mud-brick buildings and debris.The site at Babylon consists of a number of mounds covering an area of about 2 by 1 kilometer (1.24 mi × 0.62 mi), oriented north to south, along the Euphrates to the west.David Rohl holds that the original Babylon is to be identified with Eridu.In the Bible, the name appears as Babel (Hebrew: Ancient records in some situations use Babylon as a name for other cities, including cities like Borsippa within Babylon's sphere of influence, and Nineveh for a short period after the Assyrian sack of Babylon.Babylon was pillaged numerous times after revolting against foreign rule, most notably by the Hittites and Elamites in the 2nd millennium, then by the Neo-Assyrian Empire and the Achaemenid Empire in the 1st millennium.