In the Hasidic tradition, the name Sinai derives from "sin-ah," (meaning hatred), in reference to the other nations hating the Jews out of jealousy, due to the Jews being the ones to receive the divine laws.The Biblical Mount Sinai is an ambiguously located mountain at which the Old Testament states that the Torah was given to Moses by God.Sin Bishar, in the west-central part of the peninsula, was proposed to be the biblical Mount Sinai by Menashe Har-El, a biblical geographer at Tel Aviv University.Mount Helal, in the north of the peninsula has also been proposed.In the sixth century, Saint Catherine's Monastery was constructed.Unlike these Christian traditions, Bedouin tradition considered Jabal Musa, which lies adjacent to Mount Catherine, to be the biblical mountain, and it is this mountain that local tour groups and religious groups presently advertise as the biblical Mount Sinai.Various theories have been proposed regarding the location of the true Mount Sinai. Traditionally, Christians have considered the Sinai Peninsula to be the authentic location of Mount Sinai, although it should also be noted that the peninsula gained its name from this tradition, and was not called that in Josephus' time or earlier (the Sinai was earlier inhabited by the Monitu and was called Mafkat or Country of Turquoise).In the first few centuries following Jesus' death, a number of Christian hermit monks settled on Mount Serbal, considering it to be the biblical mountain, and in the fourth century a monastery was constructed at its base.
Alternatively, the biblical descriptions of Sinai can be interpreted as describing a volcano, and thus a number of scholars have considered equating Sinai with locations in north western Saudi Arabia.
In certain biblical passages, these events are described as having transpired at Mount Horeb, but though there is a small body of opinion that Sinai and Horeb were different locations, they are generally considered to have been different names for the same place.
According to textual scholars, the name Sinai is only used in the Torah by the Jahwist and Priestly source, whereas Horeb is only used by the Elohist and Deuteronomist.
Mount Sinai is one of the world's many sacred places that have inter-faith significance for followers of more than one religion.
The mountain still remains a pilgrimage site for Jews and Christians to this day.